According to the data released by the WHO, about 40% of women have suffered from different degrees of reproductive tract infection in their life, which seriously damages women's physical and mental health.
As one of the common reproductive tract infections, what is vaginitis? Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina that can result in discharge, itching and pain. The cause is usually a change in the balance of vaginal bacteria or an infection. Reduced estrogen levels after menopause and some skin disorders also can cause vaginitis.
Common types of vaginitis /
✔ Bacterial vaginosis:This results from an overgrowth of the bacteria naturally found in your vagina, which upsets the natural balance.
✔ Yeast infections:These are usually caused by a naturally occurring fungus called Candida albicans.
✔ Trichomoniasis:This is caused by a parasite and is often sexually transmitted.
Vaginitis signs and symptoms can include:
🔻Change in color, odor or amount of discharge from your vagina;
🔻 Vaginal itching or irritatio;
🔻 Pain during sex;
🔻 Painful urinatio;
🔻 Light vaginal bleeding or spotting
If you have vaginal discharge, the characteristics of the discharge might indicate the type of vaginitis you have. Examples may include:
🔹 Bacterial vaginosis: you might develop a grayish-white, foul-smelling discharge. The odor, often described as a fishy odor, might be more obvious after sex.
🔹 Yeast infection: the main symptom is itching, but you might have a thick white discharge that resembles cottage cheese.
🔹 Trichomoniasis: it can cause a greenish-yellow, sometimes frothy discharge.
Hope this short introduction can help you effectively understand what is vaginitis. In the next article, we will further introduce the causes of vaginitis and how to prevent.